Prime Time Television Line Up of 1967 - History

Prime Time Television Line Up of 1967 - History

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A tour of Labor Day weekend, 1967, through archives of Atlanta History Center

So all this really happened 50 years ago in Atlanta. You can check it out yourself at the Atlanta History Center’s Kenan Research Center. You’ll need to drop by the check-in desk and create a Patron Card for yourself. You may even have to leave a few things in a locker as well, including any ink pens, before you are granted access. But once inside, you have a veritable treasure trove of historical gems at your disposal.

My goal was to take a look back at Atlanta 50 years ago, and the best method for this type research is the drawers upon drawers of microfilm from the long-ago editions of The Atlanta Constitution AND The Atlanta Journal. That’s right, the Journal and Constitution were separate weekday newspapers in 1967, and my parents subscribed to both. The very best part of getting two newspapers each weekday for me was two sports sections! The Constitution hit our Lullwater Road driveway at the crack of dawn, while the Journal arrived much later in the day.

My research zeroed in on all the happenings in and around Atlanta, as well as national news headlines, for Labor Day weekend 1967. How much did a car cost in 1967? How about a house in the suburbs, or a suit at Rich’s, Atlanta’s go-to department store from yesteryear? Who was hiring 50 years ago, and for what kind of jobs? What movies were playing in the local theatres and what was airing on the local television stations? For that matter, how much would a new television set you back, and how many commercial television stations were available (hint: you could count them on one hand). What about the local sports teams – the Yellow Jackets, Bulldogs, Braves and Falcons? Read on!

Friday, Sept. 1, 1967, edition of The Atlanta Constitution

On the national scene, page one stories in the Constitution included the escalation of hostilities in Vietnam, and a potential looming automobile strike sponsored by the United Automobile Workers Association. The UAW was threatening to shut down the Big 3 automakers – Chrysler, Ford and GM, while United States’ senators were requesting an increase in raids “as the Cong terror rises.”

First Daughter Lynda Bird Johnson ended her relation with actor George Hamilton to date Marine Capt. Charles Robb, according to a news report over Labor Day weekend, 1967. Johnson and Robb married and he later was elected governor and senator of Virginia. Credit:

Locally, The Atlanta Constitution’s Bob Harrell reported on three Atlanta women who volunteered to spend the night in a fallout shelter. Spoiler alert: They hated it. Looking ahead, mountain sages were predicting a rough winter in 1968. Their prediction was based on how close hornets were building their nests to the ground the lower the nest, the colder the winter.

On the celebrity front, First Daughter Lynda Bird Johnson’s two-year relationship with actor George Hamilton had hit the skids. Marine Capt. Chuck Robb of Menasha, Wi., was Lynda Bird’s latest love interest.

Sinclair was happy to announce their Dino Dollars winner! Marion Bennett of Irish Lane in Decatur was the lucky winner of 100 Dino Dollars. I’m thinking in 1967 dollars, $100 constituted plenty of happy fill-ups for Mr. Bennett.

Mrs. Lester Maddox, wife of Georgia’s new Governor, was slated to announce the 1967 Georgia Homemaker of the Year at the Southeastern Fair on Thursday, October 5, 1967. In case you were wondering, Molly Kate Ward was the 1966 winner.

Before turning my attention to the fun stuff – sports, TV and movies! – I took a quick tour of a few random advertisements and want ads and turned up the following jewels:

Pike Nurseries, at the corner of Buford Highway and Clairmont Road (yes, Pike Nurseries was around in 1967!) was featuring various Hino, Coral Bell and Christmas Cheer Snow azaleas for 69 cents. Wait! That’s not all – several varieties of mums were available for 99 cents, and 3-foot tall gardenias baled in burlap were going for the measly price of 88 cents.

Rich’s department store once was a major presence in downtown Atlanta, as can be seen in this aerial photo. Credit: Atlanta History Center

Rich’s pre-Labor Day Sale was offering two men’s long sleeve dress shirts for $5, famous brand shoes for $7.99 and men’s suits for – get this! – $25!

East Point Ford had bargains galore, including a brand spanking new 1967 Ford pickup for $1,895, equipped with bright hub caps, a horn ring, convenient right hand arm rest, heater and a rear bumper! Downtown Dodge on Spring Street was practically giving away vehicles too, offering a ’67 two-door sedan Coronet for $2,199.

World Electronics at 293 Peachtree (where the Peachtree’s meet) had a super deal: Buy three “car tapes” and get the fourth absolutely free! Checking the want ads, I saw that Krispy Kreme on Ponce de Leon was looking to hire young men, ages 22 to 25 years of age, to “learn the donut business.”

Best of all, from my perspective, I stumbled upon an ad for homes for sale in the Huntley Hills Subdivision in Chamblee, the very subdivision in which I’ve lived in since 1996. The ad boasted that “5 All Electric Homes” were available for the discriminating young executive, and the bragging didn’t stop there. You should know the kitchens were built with the housewife in mind. Prices ranged from $21,000 to $25,000, and for that you came away with three bedrooms, two full baths, a spacious family room, and the ability to walk to the new Huntley Hills Elementary School.

Turning my attention to media coverage, I learned that Sept. 1, 1967 was the very first day on the air for Atlanta’s fourth commercial television station, WJRJ, Channel 17 – the forerunner to today’s Superstation TBS. Constitution columnist Paul Jones opined the initial programming, “was not formidable and consisted mainly of old movies and reruns.” On a positive note, Jones added that the new station was in the enviable position of being an independent outlet, without network ties.

Homes in the Huntley Hills neighborhood were priced starting at $21,000 on Labor Day weekend, 1967. Ads touted homes within walking distance to the nearby elementary school. Credit:

The station manager, W. Robert McKinney, assured Atlanta viewers that the station would serve them with the best programming possible, with an emphasis on sports and entertainment. Right out of the gate, Channel 17 scored a sports coup when it landed the rights to the second game of the AFC’s Sunday Football Doubleheader. Incidentally, the very first program aired on the future Superstation was an old Joan Crawford movie, Della.

From the perspective of television programming options, life was far simpler in 1967. Imagine sitting down and only deciding between Channels 2, 5 or 11. One thing is certain – today’s minimalists would be thrilled with 1967 television. Prime time viewing that Friday night included Tarzan and The Man from Uncle on Channel 2 The Wild Wild West and Hogan’s Heroes on Channel 5 and Time Tunnel, a Billy Graham Crusade, and Rango on Channel 11. That’s right, folks, the entire lineup covered in one sentence!

The year 1967 was a stellar year for movies. Labor Day weekend in Atlanta offered a multitude of classics, the very same movies you see now on Turner Classic Movies. (Raise your hand high if it’s ever dawned on you while watching a TCM movie that you saw that very movie live and in person when it first hit the theaters.) Even though I was 13 at the time, I could still easily pass as a minor, meaning I paid no more than 75 cents to see a flick back then. Even better, I could easily walk to Emory Cinema.

A Billy Graham crusade was the featured Friday night show on Channel 11 on Labor Day weekend, 1967. Credit:

Checking the movie section, the first thing that jumped out to me was the vast number of operational drive-in theaters, both inside and outside the city. In all, I counted 20 drive-ins. The Peachtree Drive-In, located at 5687 Peachtree Industrial Blvd., was showing two top-notch films – The Cincinnati Kid with Steve McQueen, Ann-Margret and Edward G. Robinson, and The Dirty Dozen, boasting an all-star cast of stellar actors, including Lee Marvin, Ernest Borgnine, Charles Bronson, Telly Savalas, Donald Sutherland and Jim Brown.

Martin’s Rialto, at the corner of Forsyth and Luckie streets, was showing Spartacus with Kurt Douglas and Tony Curtis, while Toco Hills Theater offered The Taming of the Shrew, with Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor. My mom took me to see Sand Pebbles with Steve McQueen and Candice Bergen at Rhodes Theatre at 1500 Peachtree, and there’s good and bad news to report from that evening: The good news was that I saw an excellent movie on a school night! The bad news was returning to my mom’s Dodge Monaco Station Wagon in the pouring rain and spying a flat rear tire when I reached for the door handle.

Local theaters were showing classic movies all over 1967 metropolitan Atlanta, including You Only Live Twice, To Sir, With Love, and the hilarious A Shot in the Dark with Peter Sellers. You knew that Lenox Square had a movie theater at the time, right? It was there that you could see two of the best actors of the time, Rod Steiger and Sidney Poitier, starring in In the Heat of the Night. If you caught the matinee at Lenox, you still had time to hit up either of Lenox’s two anchor stores – Rich’s or Davison’s – and maybe even work in a little grocery shopping at the Colonial Supermarket, where three years later I would play the supporting role of cashier and bagger.

My microfiche reader finally located the sports section. Thanks to the arrival of the Atlanta Braves and the Atlanta Falcons in 1966, Atlanta was a freshly minted major league sports town in 1967. That weekend the Braves were hosting the Los Angeles Dodgers, while the Falcons were preparing for their second season as a new professional football franchise.

The Atlanta Braves were buried in sixth place on Labor Day weekend in the National League, a full 14.5 games behind the first place Cardinals. Credit: Atlanta History Center

Braves Beat writer, Wayne Minshew, reported on a 4-3 Braves victory the night before, thanks to a clutch ninth inning pinch-hit double by Rico Carty. Hank Aaron reached another home run milestone in the game, slamming his 33rd homer of the year, and 475th of his Hall of Fame career, tying the great Stan Musial for ninth on the all-time home run list.

As it turned out, 1967 was not a memorable season for the Braves. Division play was still two years away, and the Braves were mired in sixth place on Labor Day weekend in the National League, a full 14.5 games behind the first place Cardinals, who boasted two of the all-time greats in right-handed pitcher Bob Gibson and speedy outfielder, Lou Brock. The Braves line-up wasn’t exactly shabby either, with the likes of Aaron, Carty, Felipe Alou and Joe Torre. Alas, we were still decades away from Maddux, Smoltz and Glavine, and pitching proved to be the ’67 Braves kryptonite.

Like most brand new franchises, the Falcons were a struggling team 50 years ago. One shining star on the team was its outstanding middle linebacker, Tommy Nobis, who went on to have a stellar career with the Falcons. For the record, the Falcons would only win one game in 1967, but Nobis did earn a spot in Pro Bowl.

I’m a life-long Yellow Jackets fan and current season ticket holder, and 1967 was the first time in 22 years that the Jackets weren’t coached by the legendary Bobby Dodd. Bud Carson was the new head coach Carson was far more of a disciplinarian than player-friendly Coach Dodd. The article in the sports section indicated that Carson was thrilled to have Lenny Snow, a talented running back, on the squad. Carson also had high praise for returning left-handed quarterback Kim King, a local talent from Brown High School.

Georgia Tech took to the football field in 1967 for the first time in 22 years without Bobby Dodd as the coach. Credit: Atlanta History Center

The 1967 Georgia Bulldogs football team had two future NFL Hall of Famers on the team – defensive tackle Bill Stanfill, and defensive back Jake Scott (Stanfill and Scott went on to play key roles on the legendary undefeated 1972 Miami Dolphins team). The sports section featured a picture of All-American tackle George Patton and pre-season Playboy Magazine offensive tackle, Edgar Chandler. A sidebar article on the first page indicated that the Bulldogs freshman team, coached by Doc Ayers, would include its first African-American, James Hurley, a fullback from Carver High School in Atlanta.

One other notable write-up in the Friday sports section – the Cincinnati Reds were high on a young catcher from Oklahoma, who made his major league debut on August 28, 1967. If you haven’t guessed already, his name was Johnny Bench.

Saturday, Sept. 2 edition of The Atlanta Constitution and The Atlanta Journal

The front page contained more bad news from Vietnam. Viet Cong terrorists went on a rampage on the eve of a national election in South Vietnam. Slumbering U.S. Marines awoke to rocket fire in an attack which resulted in over 1,000 South Vietnamese casualties. A side bar story indicated that the total number of missing U.S. planes now totaled 670.

In more world news, Vazi Illse Koch, one of the many dreaded German figures of the Buchenwald concentration camp, hanged herself in her prison cell, where she was serving a life term for atrocities. Koch was better known to inmates and survivors of the concentration camp as “the Bitch of Buchenwald.”

On the national news front, police clashed with protestors during a civil rights march in Milwaukee Friday night, resulting in 13 injuries and 14 arrests.

Illse Koch’s suicide was reported over Labor Day weekend, 1967. Koch was convicted of committing atrocities at the concentration camp at Buchenwald. Credit:

As you’ll find in today’s Saturday editions of The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, churches advertised their Sunday sermons in 1967, as well. Since I was raised a Presbyterian, my eyes were drawn to the advertisements from The Druid Hills Presbyterian Church on Ponce de Leon Hills and Peachtree Presbyterian Church in Buckhead. The Rev. Dr. William Williamson’s sermon at Peachtree Presbyterian was titled “Thou Shalt Not”, while Minister James Johnson’s sermon at Druid Hills Presbyterian at least had a livelier title, “Overcoming Worry Without Dropping Out.”

I took another tour of the want ads in Saturday’s joint edition and saw that General Electric Credit Corp., at Broadview Plaza, at the corner of Piedmont and Lindbergh, was seeking a keypunch operator. AT&T was offering career jobs for recent high school graduates. The AJC itself had an open position for “Artist – Layout.” Best of all, the ad stressed that this was a “permanent job with a good company, five-day, 40-hour week, excellent employee benefits, congenial surroundings and periodic merit increases.”

For $95 a month, you could have scored yourself a one-bedroom apartment at the Northgate Arms Apartments, on Shallowford Road in Chamblee. Lenox Arms in Buckhead was offering pricier apartments, with rents ranging from $140 to $325. It’s not surprising that even 50 years ago, Buckhead was considered a highly desirable location.

In the sports section, there was more coverage about the Yellow Jackets’ and Bulldogs’ upcoming season. Young Coach Vince Dooley was pleased with the accuracy of quarterback Kirby Moore, while the Jackets’ Bud Carson indicated that the starting quarterback job was pretty much up for grabs between the incumbent Kim King and Larry Good.

Despite three hits from Felipe Alou and Joe Torre’s 19th homer, the Braves fell to the Dodgers 6-3 at Atlanta’s Fulton County Stadium Friday night. Current Braves announcer and future Hall-of-Famer, Don Sutton, started for the Dodgers, while the Braves countered with a lefty of their own, Denny Lemaster. Neither Sutton nor Lemaster had their best stuff that evening, as both were chased from the mound by the middle innings. Paid attendance was only 10,033, and I’m wondering if the start of high school football might have depressed ticket sales.

The sermon on Labor Day weekend, 1967, was titled, ‘Overcoming Worry without Dropping Out,” at Druid Hills Presbyterian Church. Credit:

Back in the 1960’s, the entertainment section of the Saturday edition featured “The Green Sheets”, and yes, the pages really were green. “The Green Sheets” were columnist Dick Gray’s baby, and featured all the information you would need regarding upcoming TV and radio shows scheduled that weekend. Gray’s feature article in the Labor Day weekend edition provided readers with an overview of the new television series beginning in the fall. New shows included Mannix, Gentle Ben, The Smothers Brothers’ Variety Show, and a very young Sally Field starring in The Flying Nun.

Despite shaky ratings in season one, Star Trek was brought back for a second season. TV critic Bob Thomas described Star Trek as a “thinking man’s television series.”

Channel 2 offered a strong television line-up on Saturday evening, with classics such as I Dream of Jeannie, Flipper, Get Smart, and the movie, Ironside, with Raymond Burr. Channel 5 went the sports route with two prime-time NFL preseason games, including the Falcons versus the Vikings. Maybe it’s just me, but I’m thinking Channel 11 had the lamest line-up of the evening with The Ernest Tubb Show, The Lawrence Welk Show and something called Picadilly Palace. On the other hand, some might say that Channel 11 more than redeemed itself by televising Live Atlanta Wrestling earlier in the afternoon.

“The Green Sheets” also offered readers information on the local nightclub scene. So that you know, the Jack Shafer Trio was performing at Top of the Mart. Opening Monday at The Playroom, located at 1006 Peachtree Road, were five members of the Grand Ole Opry – Jim and Jessie and The Virginia Boys. Billed as “Nashville on Peachtree,” it made perfect sense that performers of the Grand Ole Opry would make the trip down I-75 to The Playroom on Peachtree, where future breakout star Waylon Jennings would later perform in 1969.

Jim and Jessie and the Virginia Boys, performers with the Grand Ole Opry, played a Labor Day show in 1967 at The Playroom, located at 1006 Peachtree Road. Credit:

A favorite section for many in “The Green Sheets” was the popular TV Mail Bag. This particular Saturday’s edition included a lengthy letter from a very worked-up reader from Chamblee who railed about WQXI Radio’s (aka “Quixie in Dixie”) “limited playlist.” In addition, the reader complained the station completely ignored songs from emerging new groups, such as The Who.

Unfortunately for WQXI radio, the reader was just getting warmed up. He further complained about frequently calling the station’s request line only to hear that they will try to squeeze his request in, but “they NEVER do!” The reader did apologize for the length of the letter, but managed to land one more dig against the station by adding that there are “a LOT of things wrong with WQXI!” Incidentally, I counted 18 AM stations and only 9 FM stations on the radio dial in 1967, none of which were yet playing rock music (such as The Who).

Atlanta’s CBS affiliate, Channel 5, advertised its Panorama Weekends, with news broadcasts at 6 and 11 p.m. Coach Friday and Art Bradley shared the sports assignments for Channel 5. Jim Axel was the primary news anchor, and would remain so until the mid-1990’s.

Sunday, Sept. 3, edition of The Atlanta Journal and Constitution

The front page featured a story on how thousands of South Vietnamese were ignoring the Cong terror threat to stand in to vote in the presidential election. There was also a terrific story about a well-dressed stranger walking into the Albany Chamber of Commerce and telling everyone that he represented a large firm that was looking to build a manufacturing plant in Albany. Thanks to the skillful five-month courtship of Albany Chamber boss, Walt Brown, who was 69 years young, The Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. announced plans to open a new manufacturing plant that would eventually employ 1,500 local residents and produce roughly 20,000 tires per day. Incidentally, it took the full five months before the stranger let on that he was representing Firestone.

Sunday’s front page also included a picture of five Doraville residents pointing to the exact spot where they discovered a suitcase containing $19,635. The article indicated the loot was taken during a Bank of Gray robbery in July. The youngsters pictured were Alan White, Dana White, Stan Severance, Lee Bartlett, Larry Ledbetter and Reed Severance. The clever headline read, “$hucks, We $hould’a Kept Our Mouth$ $hut.”

Street Scenes was a highly popular feature found on the front page. With a quick glance, readers could find out what crazy things happened on the streets of Atlanta the day before the paper arrived. Sunday’s Street Scenes alerted readers that a teenage boy was spotted driving down Piedmont Road with a live hoot owl seated beside him. The owl kept “turning those big weirdo eyes on startled motorists.”

Celestine Sibley shared the stories of average folks, including one about a woman with a wig that appeared over Labor Day weekend, 1967. Credit:

Legendary AJC columnist Celestine Sibley shared a story of a concerned woman who sought guidance on how to best respond to her husband, who pitched a fit when she purchased a $70 wig. The reader wrote, “I bought one and my husband pitched such a fit you would think I was guilty of adultery or worse. He acts like a wig is a terrible obscene thing which no NICE woman would own.”

The husband challenged her to name six respectable women who wore wigs. If she pulled off that feat, she could keep the wig. I have no clue whether the reader met the challenge, but I thought that you might want to know that all this went down 50 years ago in the Sunday pages of the AJC.

Like today’s Sunday AJC, the Sept. 3, 1967 edition was loaded with advertisements. Brooks Brothers posted an ad alerting everyone that a “fine new store” was opening on the second floor of the Rhodes-Haverty Building at 134 Peachtree Street. Six Flags over Georgia placed an ad reminding folks they would remain open on Saturdays and Sundays through Nov. 26.

Homes in the Dunwoody North subdivision were selling in the $30,000 to $45,000 range, an amount that pretty much constitutes a small down payment in 2017.

K-Mart was offering five-hole filler paper for 66 cents (one day only), and seamless panty hose for 93 cents (also one-day only). Peter Brown of Laredo fame was performing at Lake Spivey, which boasted 650 acres of crystal clear spring water. Those visiting Lake Spivey that afternoon could also witness a sky diving tournament. Hix Green Buick, at the corner of Peachtree and North Avenue, had a plethora of used cars available, including a four-door 1965 Buick Electra 225 with full power and air for only $2,595. If you were looking for a sportier ride, Hix Green was also selling a V-8 1966 Mustang with power steering and automatic transmission for a mere $1,995.

Not only was Davison’s department store looking to hire television technicians and a night watchman, they were also having a full-blown warehouse sale. RCA washers were going for only $184, and a floor sample color television was available for the low price of $299.

Bo Hiers (center) stands with his younger brother, Chris, and mother, Barbara Jones Hiers, in front of their home. Credit: Bo Hiers

Today’s Arts and Entertainment section of the Sunday paper was known as Dixie Living in 1967, and its diverse content included Travel, Arts and Music, Garden News, as well as a weekly feature known as House of the Week. The House of the Week in Sunday’s edition of Dixie Living was a Spanish split-level with double front doors. The home was located at 2678 Lantern Lane in College Park. Interested parties were to call 766-6227.

Garden News encouraged readers to plan first, and to treat camellias with gibberellin to develop early blooms. Pansy seeds could be planted now, but readers were told to place the seedlings six inches apart. As reported by Edith Henderson, a proud member of the American Landscape Architects, squirrels were a despised nemesis to bird feeders in 1967. Some things never change.

I also learned in the Dixie Living section that Peter, Paul and Mary were scheduled to appear at the Civic Center Auditorium on Jan. 28, 1968. In the television era decades before DVR’s, there were hard viewing decisions to be made on Sunday evenings. Many would argue that television was never better than it was on Sunday evenings in the late 1960’s. Case in point, your 8 p.m. choices included The F.B.I. on Channel 11, The Ed Sullivan Show on Channel 5, and the final 30 minutes of Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color on Channel 2. Incidentally, Ed Sullivan’s line-up that evening included The Smothers Brothers, Woody Herman, Mel Torme, Nipsy Russell and George Carlin.

Like dessert, I saved the Sports section for last. Thanks to a complete game effort from Pat Jarvis (later known as Sheriff Pat Jarvis) and three hits from shortstop Denis Menke, the Braves pulled off an 8-2 win over the Dodgers. The crowd was fairly scant, with a paid attendance of only 14,922. The Falcons were not so lucky in their Saturday night exhibition game, falling to the Vikings with a score of 16-3. A momentum-killing fumble by running back Ernie Wheelwright ultimately doomed the Falcons. The headline said it all: “Falcons Flounder under Vikings Fire.”

The driveway at Bo Hiers’ childhood home, on Lullwater Road, was the landing pad for editions of ‘The Atlanta Constitution’ and ‘The Atlanta Journal.’ Credit: Bo Hiers

On the prep football scene, Woodward Academy rallied to tie crosstown rival, College Park. And thanks to excellent play from quarterback Bill DeGolian, St. Pius routed Roosevelt, 28-0. On the racing front, preparations were underway for the 18th running of the Southern 500 in Darlington. Richard Petty’s legendary Plymouth was in the pole position after posting a top track speed of 143 mph (Petty would win the race, collecting a total purse was $82,845).

If you could magically go back in time and talk to the 1967 readers of The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, what would you tell them about the next 50 years? Personally, I’d leave out the really bad stuff, especially the Falcons epic Super Bowl collapse. Some things are far better off left unsaid. And would you really want to tell them about having 200 television choices at any given time on any given night? What about Atlanta traffic in 2017? There is no way I would share that sorry news with the readers. They might up and move.

But how could you refrain from sharing the really great stuff, like men walking on the moon, the 1991 and 1995 Atlanta Braves, the 1996 Summer Olympics, or the fact that our sleepy airport of 50 years ago would grow to become the world’s busiest? Oh, and remember Channel 17, the small local television station that first hit the airways on September 1, 1967? Yeah, that turned out pretty great.

Deep down, I’m an empathetic person. I sincerely hope the angry reader in Chamblee enjoyed many years of listening to The Who and other new bands on Atlanta’s future FM rock stations. I also hold out hope that the woman whose husband wigged out (see what I did there?) was able to partner with Celestine Sibley to come up with the names of six respectable women who wore wigs. After all, a $70 wig was at stake.

Note to readers: Raised in Brookhaven and Druid Hills, Bo Hiers is a fourth-generation Atlantan. An avid Atlanta sports fan, Bo takes the greatest pride possible in being an enthusiastically proud grandfather of Fletcher Andrew Hiers. Many, many moons ago, Bo was a sports editor for the Neighbor Newspapers, as well as a sports reporter for the DeKalb News Sun.

100 Greatest Moments in Television: Timeline

The World Series attracts the first mass audience in N.Y., Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. (3.9 million watch).

Nov. 20: Meet the Press debuts, eventually becoming TV’s longest-running series.

Jan. 11: NBC links the East Coast with its new stations in the Midwest. Nation wide TV is born in September 1951, when the West Coast is finally connected.

Milton Berle’s Texaco Star Theatre is watched by 75 percent of the TV audience — a figure no other entertainment show will ever surpass. Then again, barely 9 percent of Americans have sets.

News-program footage of the Korean War makes it the first ”living-room war.”

The DuMont network pays $75,000 to air the NFL championships for the first time.

March 14: Jerry Lewis kicks off his annual telethon, this one for the construction of New York Cardiac Hospital.

Don Hewitt coins the phrase 𠇚nchorman.”

April 3: TV Guide‘s first issue features an infant Desi Arnaz Jr.

Reruns begin when CBS puts repeats of ABC’s prime-time hit The Lone Ranger on Saturday afternoons. But Desi Arnaz is the first producer to realize the potential profits of selling reruns in syndication he cleans up in 1957 when CBS repeats I Love Lucy five times a week during the day.

Nov. 22: RCA tests its new color system on the air, with a telecast of NBC’s Colgate Comedy Hour. The first color series, NBC’s short-lived The Marriage (starring Jessica Tandy and Hume Cronyn), debuts July 8, 1954.

TV revenue finally surpasses radio’s.

Sept. 11: Miss America becomes a TV staple, courtesy of ABC.

The $64,000 Question goes No.1, making it the only game show ever to do so.

Nov. 5: Nat ”King” Cole is the first black man to host a series with his NBC variety show.

Nov. 30: CBS replaces kinescope with videotape.

Eighty-six percent of American households now own TV sets.

Sept. 26: The first debate between presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon is seen by 75 million people, the single largest TV audience to date.

Sept. 30: TV’s first prime-time cartoon series, The Flintstones debuts on ABC.

One out of every 79 American homes now has a color TV, but only one network broadcasts regularly in color: NBC, whose parent company, RCA, is the country’s leading manufacturer of the sets.

April 29: ABC’s Wide World of Sports debuts.

Feb. 14-15: First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy’s tour of the White House is broadcast on all three nets.

April 16: Walter Cronkite replaces Douglas Edwards as the CBS news anchor.

July 10: AT&T launches Telstar I, the first communications satellite. In its maiden test, TV programs are sent from the U.S. to Europe, and back again.

June 11: News cameras transmit the image of Gov. George Wallace attempting to block two black students from entering the University of Alabama.

April 30: Congress requires manufacturers to produce TVs that receive UHF signals as well as VHF.

Dec. 19: ABC introduces the first blimp shot during the Liberty Bowl.

Marshall McLuhan’s Understanding Media, in which he asserts ”the medium is the message,” is published.

April 28: Barbra Streisand’s first TV special, My Name Is Barbra, airs on CBS.

First appearance of the term 𠇛oob tube”

Jan. 15: The Green Bay Packers beat the Kansas City Chiefs, 35-10, in Super Bowl I on both NBC and CBS.

Aug. 25-28: News shows air scenes of police beating rioters at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, as the crowd chants, ”The whole world is watching!”

March 17: CBS cancels The Ed Sullivan Show after a legendary 23-year run.

June 7: J.I. Rodale, publisher of the health-oriented magazine Prevention, has a heart attack and dies on The Dick Cavett Show — after stating ”I am so healthy, I expect to live on and on.”

Aug. 8: In a live television broadcast, Richard Milhous Nixon resigns as President of the United States.

Sept. 20: The ABC premiere of Saturday Night Live with Howard Cosell (not to be confused with Lorne Michaels’ creation, which appeared the following month) finds the baron of bombast hosting his very own variety hour.

April: According to a Nielsen survey, 71 million homes now have at least one TV.

Jan. 15: The Super Bowl is televised at night for the first time it becomes the second-most-watched TV event to date.

Sept. 19: Archie and Edith Bunker’s chairs are presented to the Smithsonian Institution.

First use of the term couch potato, though it takes the publication of 1983’s The Official Couch Potato Handbook (by Jack Mingo) to make the term ubiquitous.

March 16: The TeleCaption decoder, which provides closed captioning for deaf viewers, is introduced.

Jan. 20: Millions watch as Ronald Reagan is sworn in as President and, simultaneously, American hostages in Iran are freed.

March 9: Dan Rather replaces Walter Cronkite as anchor of CBS Evening News.

March 19: Antidrug-promoting First Lady Nancy Reagan guest-stars on NBC’s Diff’rent Strokes.

Nov. 20: The Day After, ABC’s nuclear-holocaust parable, becomes the most-watched TV movie in history.

Aug. 3: Millions of viewers watch as Mary Lou Retton becomes the first American to win the all-around gymnastics gold at the L.A. Olympics.

Sept. 14: Wearing a tight white-lace bustier, Madonna descends from a giant wedding cake to perform ”Like a Virgin” at the first annual MTV Video Music Awards.

Sept. 16: The glory of razor stubble, pastels, and espadrilles sparks a fashion trend as Miami Vice premieres.

Nov. 11: NBC airs An Early Frost, the first significant TV movie to deal with AIDS.

June 1: TV cameras enter the chambers of the U.S. Senate for the first time.

Oct. 16: Eighteen-month-old Jessica McClure is rescued after 58 hours of being trapped in a well in Midland, Tex. All three networks interrupt their prime-time programming to televise the tot’s retrieval.

Jan. 3: The Arsenio Hall Show debuts Hall becomes the first African American to successfully host a late-night talk show.

As of this year, the number of U.S. homes with TV sets reaches 93.1 million — 98 percent have a color TV, 64 percent have two or more sets, and 60.3 percent have cable.

May 21: The Real World premieres on MTV.

May 22: Johnny Carson leaves NBC’s The Tonight Show. Three days later, Jay Leno (who was chosen over David Letterman to be Carson’s successor) begins his reign, causing Letterman to move to CBS.

September: NBC introduces the slogan ”Must See TV” to promote its Thursday-night lineup (Mad About You, Friends, Seinfeld, Madman of the People, ER).

Jan. 11: The WB network launches with The Wayans Bros. and Unhappily Ever After.

Jan. 16: UPN launches with Star Trek: Voyager, which wins its time slot.

July: Zenith, the last U.S.-owned firm still making TV sets, agrees to become a subsidiary of South Korea’s LG Electronics.

July 15: Microsoft and NBC launch MSNBC, a 24-hour cable channel/website.

Sept. 20: Late Show With David Letterman airs sans commercials in a successful effort to attract more viewers.

April 1: The Cartoon Network airs the same Screwy Squirrel cartoon for 12 hours straight as an April Fools’ prank.

April 26: ABC’s U2: A Year in Pop special becomes the lowest-rated Big Three non-political prime-time program ever.

Jan. 1: The networks implement a motion pictures-style ratings system.

April 9: The Price is Right host Bob Barker celebrates his 5000th show.

June 22-28: For the first time ever, more television households tune in to basic cable during prime time than to the Big Four networks combined.

“The Carol Burnett Show”

Premiering in 1967, “The Carol Burnett Show” featured the versatile Carol Burnett alongside a host of regular sidekicks such as Harvey Korman, Lyle Waggoner, Vicki Lawrence and Tim Conway. During its long run, the show won 25 Emmy Awards, and the secret to its success was Burnett’s willingness to let other members of the ensemble cast shine.

“I remember Harvey [Korman] saying, ‘You have no idea because most stars are very selfish. They’ll have things rewritten to where they get the joke lines, and they will not be supportive of you,’ says Lawrence. “And I think one of the most important things that I learned from Carol is that you are as good as the people that surround you.”

“The Carol Burnett Show” is famous for its skits that parodied popular culture, especially films and dramatic televisions shows.

Prime Time Television Line Up of 1967 - History

1966 was the year network Saturday morning programming really kicked into gear.

Batman was still popular in prime-time, so 1967 naturally brought more caped crusaders and sci-fi shows, mostly from the Hanna-Barbera Studios.

Saturday perennial Bugs Bunny moved to Sunday mornings in 1967.

Popular in syndication - Batfink, a parody of Batman from Hal Seegar and Terrytoons.


Frankenstein Jr. and
the Impossibles

Held over from last year. 'The Impossibles were a traveling rock band that transformed into the most useless heroes ever - like a guy who could turn into water.


Herculoids / CBS

Also from Hanna-Barbera, a classic example of style over substance. Incredible Alex Toth character and space ship designs are all that's needed.

Shazzan! / CBS
Another half-hour of Hanna-Barbera's idea of science-fiction. Shazzan (no relation to Shazam) was a genie that befriended Chuck and Nancy, transporting them back to ancient times to frolic with their camel Kaboobie.


Space Ghost / CBS

Now you're into two solid hours of H/B sci-fi nonsense, and kids couldn't get enough. This was the highest-rated program on Saturday mornings in 1967.

Space Ghost was originally voiced by Gary Owens of 'Laugh-in' Fame. The adventures of Dino Boy were a part of this half-hour, very similar in nature to Mighty Mightor which followed.


Moby Dick and
the Mighty Mightor

Still more H/B silliness. Two kids ride with the friendly white whale Moby Dick into underwater adventures.

Meanwhile, caveboy Tor becomes The Mighty Mightor to fend off ferocious prehistoric creatures like the Ice Creatures, the Stonemen, the Fire People, the Serpent Queen and the like.


The Superman, Aquaman
Hour of Adventure

Aquaman adventures join Superman to fill out an hour of cartoon segments.

Made up mostly of reruns from last season (eight new Superman episodes were filmed). Typical plot: A monkey returns from an experimental space flight to battle Superman with kryptonite vision.

Superboy was featured in separate adventures, as were The Flash, Teen Titans, Green Lantern, Justice League, and other DC Comics heroes.


Jonny Quest / CBS

More fully animated (and fully written) than anything that followed from the Hanna-Barbera studio, truly the cartoon studio's shining moment.

Originally ran for one year (1964) in primetime, this was the first of five years on Saturday mornings.

CBS continued programming with 'The Lone Ranger' reruns at 1:00 and 'Road Runner' at 1:30.

Tom and Jerry aired on CBS Sundays
at 9-9:30 am from 1967 - 1972.


Super 6 / NBC

Second year for Elevator Man, Super Stretch, Magneto Man, and Granite Man - the represent Super Services Inc, heroes for hire.

They seemeded to give most of these superhero concepts a minimum of thought. Look across the hall, there's the elevator - we'll create a character called Elevator Man!

Also seen: Super Bwoin (a character that played guitar) and The Brothers Matzoriley. This season was a collection of reruns from the last year.


Super President / NBC

Able to leap tall interns in a single bound.

James Norcross, aka Super President, had powers born in a cosmic storm. He could turn to steel, granite or whatever else he needed.

Also seen: Spy Shadow, a private detective who could turn into his shadow.


Second season of reruns on Saturdays.


Samson and

A boy and his dog can transform themselves into Samson and his lion Goliath. Last season's Space Kidettes are seen in separate segments.

Birdman / NBC
H/B cartoon about a superguy who gets his powers from the Egyptian Sun God. He battles villians like Reducto and Shado, Dr. Freezoid, the Chameleon, Spyro, Prof. Nightshade, The Empress of Evil, the Ant-Ape, and Shado the Brain Theif. Also features Birdboy.

Because of the superhero craze that the networks were perplexed by, this series was originally conceived - and announced - as a prime-time entry for NBC in 1967 but was moved to Saturdays instead.

The net cancelled Birdman and the Galaxy Trio on Saturday mornings in 1968 in spite of good ratings - they had to cut down on the Saturday morning violence to appease parent groups.


Atom Ant / Secret Squirrel

These characters were a bit tired, so they combined the reruns into one half hour.


Top Cat / NBC
Originally ran in primetime, a rip-off (or spin-off?) of Phil Silvers' 'Sargeant Bilko' series. Bilko regular Maurice Gosfield (Doberman) is the voice of one of Top Cat's stooges, Benny the Ball. The great Arnold Stang (shown) was the voice of Top Cat.

:1967 Commercials:
(Real Player)


The New Casper
Cartoon Show

(Sorry about the Casper tirade in the '66 listings.)

"Re: the circimstances of CASPER's death: The recent movie notwithstanding, in the '60s and '70s, the standard answer Harvey Comics offered to this oft-asked question was that Casper's Mother and Father were ghosts when they married. Naturally their son would be a ghost too. This answer helped a number of anxious youngsters sleep easier (unless, of course, it occurred to them to ask how Casper's PARENTS died. )

"AND while we're on this macabre subject, in the '70s, Marvel Comics published CRAZY Magazine, at first glance, an obvious MAD ripoff, but occasionally given to dark and offensive humor that more closely resembled NATIONAL LAMPOON. I bring this up because they presented their own rather colorful answer to the question of Casper's death in a parody called "Kaspar the Dead Baby"! Apparently, Kaspar has no hair or ears because his abusive father CUT THEM OFF before stabbing the tyke to death in a drunken fury.

Excellent H/B adaptation of the Stan Lee / Jack Kirby Marvel comic.

The stories on the cartoon follow the comic books closely, so the scripts are quite a bit better than standard Saturday fare, even if they are truncated to fit three in a show.

The characters were re-designed by Alex Toth - Jack Kirby's style would have been too difficult to animate, perhaps.


First of two seasons, another Marvel comic character - not as well realized in animation as the Fantastic Four but with a much better theme song. Most of the stories are based on the comic book adventures of Spiderman.

40 fifteen minute segments were produced this season. The first episode: The Power Of Dr. Octopus.



King Kong / ABC

Last Season for the King and his young friends led by kindly Professor Bond.


The New Beatles / ABC

Third year for the Fab Four in animated form - despite the 'New' title this season consisted solely of reruns. Ratings were poor and the show was moved to Sundays in 1968.

Produced by Al Brodax for King Features in New York.


Jumps in and out of the 12:30 & 1:00 slot from season to season. One of the longest running network shows ever. Starring Dick Clark, aka the "world's oldest teenager".

Guests this season included: Merrilee Rush, The Vogues, American Breed, Albert King, Mother Hubbard.

Dick Clark produced another ABC show at 1:30 beginning mid-season called 'Happening '68' starring Paul Revere, Mark Lindsay and the Raiders as hosts (they also hosted the Dick Clark produced daytime show Where The Action Is, 1965-67).

Musical and comedy guests were featured including Stevie Wonder, Bob Crane, Jonathan Harris ('Lost in Space'), Don Adams, and Sal Mineo, Bobby Vee and Jon Provost, Christopher George, Stephen Young and others judged the weekly battle of the bands.

The Time of Our Lives: In the Life – America’s LGBTQ News Magazine

Stephen Tropiano has been director of the Ithaca College Los Angeles Program since its inception in 1994. He graduated from Ithaca College in 1984 with degrees in television and radio and cinema and photography. He earned his M.A. in cinema studies from New York University and completed his Ph.D. in critical studies at the USC School of Cinema and Television. In addition to overseeing the program, he teaches undergraduate courses in television and film history, theory and criticism.

He is the author of TV Towns, which profiles fictional towns on classical and contemporary television shows, The Prime Time Closet: A History of Gays and Lesbians on TV, Queer Facts, and Rebels & Chicks: A History of Hollywood Teen Movies. His most recent work, Obscene, Indecent, Immoral and Offensive: 100+ Years of Censored, Banned, and Controversial Films, was published in 2010.

“Now I know a lot of you are thinking, ‘gosh, not another show about gays and lesbians on television.’”

— Kate Clinton, host, In the Life pilot (June, 1992)

When comedian Kate Clinton delivered this one-liner in the opening monologue of the pilot episode of the new PBS series, In the Life, there’s no question the studio audience, along with the gay and lesbian viewers tuning in at home, “got the joke.” Up until that point there had been relatively few gay men, lesbians and bisexuals regularly on television. Of those that were, most were relegated to supporting or recurring characters on “gay-friendly” shows like thirtysomething (1987-1991), L.A. Law (1986-1994), Heartbeat (1988-1989) and Roseanne (1988-1997).

By 1992, there had yet to be a comedy, drama or non-fiction series on commercial network, broadcast cable or pay cable television focusing exclusively on the lives of gay men and lesbians—and it seemed highly unlikely there would be one in the immediate future. The landmark coming out of Ellen DeGeneres (and her sitcom alter ego, Ellen Morgan) was five years away NBC didn’t add Will & Grace (and Jack & Karen) to their prime time line-up until 1998 and we would have to wait until the turn of the century for Showtime’s Queer as Folk (2000-2005) and The L Word (2004-2009), and the debut of a national cable channel of our very own (Logo TV, which was launched on June 30, 2005).

That’s why the premiere of In the Life, the first and longest-running national gay and lesbian series on American television, was an important milestone.[1] For two decades (1992-2012), In the Life served as a primary news and information source for current social, political and legal issues facing the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) community that received little to no attention by the mainstream media. The show openly celebrated LGBTQ culture and profiled political and religious leaders, activists, advocates, artists, writers, performers, athletes and non-profit organizations that were making a difference in the lives of LGBTQ people. In the Life’s cameras also captured LGBTQ history-in-the-making with coverage of such landmark events as the 1993 March on Washington for Lesbian, Gay and Bi Equal Rights and Liberation the 25th Anniversary of the 1969 Stonewall Riots, which marked the birth of the modern U.S. gay rights movement the 2000 Millennium March on Washington and the quadrennial Gay Games. Over the course of 20 seasons, the show’s team of producers, writers and on-camera talent provided ongoing coverage of the AIDS epidemic, the daily challenges facing America’s at-risk LGBTQ youth, and our legal and ideological battles on the national and state levels for equal rights and protection under the law in such areas as housing, employment, military service, immigration, adoption and same-sex marriage.

In the Life hosts and correspondents. Image courtesy of UCLA Library Special Collections.

Along the way, In the Life also challenged the stereotypes and negative images of “homosexuals” that have dominated television since it first introduced the taboo subject of homosexuality into our living rooms in the mid-1950s.[2] Although attitudes evolved and LGBTQ rights advanced over time, television programming continued to reinforce heteronormativity by marginalizing non-heterosexual and transgender people. In the Life not only moved LGBTQ people out of the margins and into the spotlight, it gave them a voice. For the first time, we were in front of and behind the camera openly constructing our own images and defining for ourselves who we are as a community, while celebrating our commonalities and our differences. In the process, In the Life succeeded in countering the mainstream media’s dominant, narrow construction of gay men and lesbians as white, affluent urbanites with a more inclusive and diverse portrait of LGBTQ America. We were introduced to LGBTQ people living in cities, towns and rural communities across America, and learned about the political struggles of our LGBTQ brothers and sisters living around the globe.

On paper PBS seemed like the ideal outlet for In the Life. A series focusing on the lives of the LGBTQ community was in tandem with the mission of public broadcasting, which, as recommended by the 1967 Carnegie Commission on Educational Television, should “help us see American whole, in all its diversity” and “provide a voice for groups in the community that may otherwise be unheard” (92). But before the pilot episode aired, In the Life was caught in the middle of the culture war waged by the political right over the funding of public broadcasting and its “left wing agenda.” On June 12, 1992, U.S. Senate minority leader Bob Dole (R-Kansas) stood on the Senate floor and denounced the recent vote that increased the budget of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting by 50% (to $1.1 billion) for the next two years in order to “maintain ‘quality programming,’ the kind of quality you can’t find anywhere else.” Dole proceeded to fill his fellow Senators in on the kind of shows PBS would be financing with taxpayers’ money:

“It is to help fund shows, new shows such as In the Life, a 1-hour ‘variety show’ for gays and lesbians. According to USA Today, it is like an Ed Sullivan Show for gays. And it is coming to your living rooms on June 22. It is reportedly scheduled for regular programming, too, up to 12 shows per month beginning in the fall . Mr. President, is this the kind of programming taxpayers and public TV contributors have in mind? I do not think so . It seems the broadcasting apologists are hiding behind ‘Big Bird, Mister Rogers, and Masterpiece Theatre,’ laying down their quality smokescreen while they shovel out funding for gay and lesbian variety shows, all those doom and gloom reports about what is wrong with America, and all the other liberal cheerleading we see on public television.” — Bob Dole

Apparently Senator Dole hadn’t done his homework. He stated that 12 shows would be produced each month, when it was actually 12 per year. More importantly, he implied In the Life was being funded by taxpayers’ dollars when in fact the show received no federal funding from PBS or the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (Summers 181). Produced on a shoestring budget by In the Life Media Inc., a non-profit organization, the show was supported by contributions from viewers (who received a copy of In the Life magazine) and several private foundations. Fortunately, Congressman Ted Weiss (NY-D) set the record a few days later and corrected Dole’s mistakes, but not before chastising Dole for his McCarthy-like rhetoric, and for treating gay men and lesbians as “America’s new Communists” while accusing PBS of bringing “subversive [read: gay and lesbian] programming ‘into your living room.’” “Public television was created to address the lives of all Americans,” Weiss concluded, “…[T]hat is the goal of In the Life. It is an enlightened goal that speaks to the many historic struggles to open our culture to all who reside here. It is a goal we should embrace.”

Ironically, the show’s creator, documentary filmmaker John Scagliotti, was critical of PBS’ lack of support, which he attributed to their fear of a right-wing backlash (Benz). In the Life was initially presented by WNYC-TV, a New York public television station which signed off in 1996, and later by New York City’s primary public television station, Channel 13/WNET. The series was offered free to PBS stations around the country, but PBS didn’t distribute the program, so stations were under no obligation to run it. In a retrospective of the show that kicked off season 14 (episode #1501), Scagliotti, former host Kathleen Linton and former executive producer Charles Ignacio recalled how they initially had to call the station managers of each PBS station to convince them to air it. The managers expressed their concern that viewers might find their show’s content offensive, or they just flat out said, “We don’t have any gay people here.” Consequently, In the Life initially aired on only six PBS stations until the producers’ perseverance paid off and the number rose to 60 stations (out of 335 PBS stations) in 1993 (Benz), and then 120 stations in 30 states in 1999 (Maynard 105). By 2005, In the Life aired on more than 125 stations in 30 states, which included the 20 major television markets (Summers 181).

The only accurate statement made by Bob Dole was the reference to The Ed Sullivan Show, which was taken from a quote by Scagliotti in USA Today where he described the show’s pilot as a “sort of gay version of Ed Sullivan with a little bit of Oprah thrown in” (Johnson 3D). In fact, In the Life did start as an entertainment show consisting mostly of musical, dance, and stand-up and sketch comedy performances with an occasional moderated in-studio discussion. The show was also very New York-centric with an emphasis on current indie gay and lesbian-themed films and filmmakers as well as New York theater. When In the Life switched over to a news magazine format within its first two years, each half-hour episode consisted of six or seven stories per episode that might cover an array of topics or be loosely tied together by a single theme, such as literacy, youth, family and civil rights. All through these variances, In the Life continued to consistently highlight LGBTQ film culture, particularly documentaries and narrative feature films that focused on a specific social or political issue.

One of the show’s most important and lasting contributions was its ongoing coverage of the HIV/AIDS, particularly when the media no longer considered the disease “front-page news.” In December 1996, an episode entitled “The State of AIDS” featured segments on protease inhibitors, and profiles of AIDS activist Michelle Lopez and composer John Corigliano, whose “Symphony #1” was inspired by the AIDS crisis. Four years later, in recognition of World AIDS Day, “AIDS is Still a Big Deal” (Episode #1803) featured stories on high-risk behavior among HIV+ young gay men, discrimination in the workplace, and an on-camera discussion on the current state of the pandemic featuring Dr. Mathilde Krim, founding chairman of the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amFAR). In 2010, “The Cost of Stigma” (Episode #2003) offered an in-depth look at how fear and misinformation are at the root of the criminalization of HIV transmission. These and the many other AIDS-related episodes and segments that aired throughout the show’s 20-year run served as a painful, yet much needed reminder that the AIDS crisis was far from over.

Lily Tomlin (front, second from left) and series producer John Scagliotti (front, third from left), with The Flirtations.

In the Life also served as an advocate for a group that historically has had little to no voice—LGBTQ youth. In an era when young people are coming out as early as middle school, In the Life raised the public’s awareness of their daily struggles with homelessness, AIDS, bullying and suicide as well as addressing the discrimination they face within the American justice system and the negative impact of restrictive, homophobic laws pertaining to foster care and adoption.

When In the Life was in production, the talented people behind the sceneswere most likely not fully cognizant that the invaluable contribution they were making to the LGBTQ community and its legacy would continue after the show’s finale episode aired in December of 2012. But the two decades of our history that they so expertly captured on video has now been preserved for future generations to watch, learn and fully understand the battles were fought and just how far we’ve come, and come out into the world.


[2] Locally produced public affairs shows like Confidential File and The Open Mind featured a round table of experts--psychiatrists, pediatricians, lawyers and clergyman--who reinforced negative social myths about homosexuals as they shared their respective theories and opinions on such issues as the origins of homosexuality (inborn or environmental?), its prevention (through proper parenting), and the danger gay men posed to children and society as a whole. One of the only known existing examples is an episode of The Open Mind entitled “Homosexuality: A Psychological Approach,” which aired on September 29, 1956 on WRCA-TV. In this second of a three-part installment on the subject, host Richard D. Heffner welcomed guests Philip Polatin from the New York Psychiatric Institute, and Dr. Harry Bakwin, President of the American Academy of Pediatrics. The episode can be viewed on Channel 13 (New York’s PBS affiliate) at and viewed and downloaded at the Internet Archives ( See Tropiano 2-7.


Benz, Dorothee. “In the Life: PBS Keeps Its Distance from Gay Programming.” FAIR. Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting, Inc., 1 June 1993. Web. 9 June 2014.

Carnegie Commission on the Future of Public Broadcasting. A Public Trust: The Report of the Carnegie Commission on the Future of Public Broadcasting. New York: Bantam Books, 1979. Print.

Dole, Sen. Robert. “Public TV’s Gay and Lesbian Variety Show: More Quality Programming?” Cong. Rec. Lib. of Cong., 12 June 1992. Web. 13 June 2014.

Johnson, Peter. “PBS gets ‘In the Life’ of gay and lesbian issues.” USA Today 11 June 1993: 03D. Print.

Maynard, Kevin. “In the Life, Across the County.” The Advocate 17 August 1991: 105. Print.

Summers, Claude J. “In the Life.” The Queer Encyclopedia of Film & Television. Ed. Claude J. Summers. Berkeley: Cleis Press, 2005. Print.

Tropiano, Stephen. The Prime Time Closet: A History of Gays and Lesbians on TV. New York: Applause Books, 2002. Print.

Weiss, Rep. Ted. “In Defense of Public Television and ‘In the Life.’” Cong. Rec. Lib. of Cong., 17 June 1992. Web. 13 June 2014.

West, Melanie Grayce. “Celebrating 20 Years of ‘In the Life.’” The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, 23 March 2012. Web. 9 June 2014.

6 Iconic "Friends" Outfits That Still Slay Today

Pssst. Did you hear? Brit + Co's 10-week business program for women, Selfmade, is back for the summer! And that also means our scholarship program is back in action thanks to our amazing partner, Office Depot. Keep reading for more about the life-changing program and how to join the thriving, entrepreneurial community that's helped mentor over 5,700 women to date.

What's Selfmade?

Designed to help you create a new business or grow your existing one, this course is personally led by Brit + Co founder Brit Morin, and supported by more than a dozen of the top female entrepreneurs, creatives, and investors in the country. Students receive personalized coaching on everything from how to get out of your comfort zone to how to scale your business, and everything in between. And now, thanks to our founding sponsor Office Depot, even more of you can join the course!

When is the program?

The summer session of Selfmade kicks off Monday, June 28 and runs for 10 weeks through Friday, September 3, 2021.

How much does it cost to enroll?

The enrollment price is $2,000, but for the summer session, we're thrilled to team up with Office Depot to grant 200 FREE scholarship seats to the course. Scholarships are open to US residents, focusing on women of color, women from underserved and underrepresented communities, and women in need of support to help them trail-blaze. After all, we firmly believe that your support system is a huge part of how you achieve greatness, and we are here to cheer all of you on.

To nominate yourself or someone you know for a scholarship, head to our application form right here. The deadline for scholarship applications is June 8 — it's time to take the leap!

Once scholarship recipients are chosen in June, prospective students will have 48 hours to accept their seats, so keep an eye on your inbox starting June 8! For those who don't receive a full-ride scholarship, you'll be eligible to receive a special discount and perks just for applying!

So what are you waiting for? Take a chance on yourself and get yourself one step closer to truly being selfmade. Learn more about the Selfmade program, apply for a scholarship and prepare to be inspired :)

Discover what valuable lessons these small business owners and entrepreneurs took away from the spring session of the Selfmade 10-week course at Selfmade Success Stories.

TV Schedule for CTV - Network

Lisa LaFlamme anchors Canada’s most-watched weekday newscast.

Trevor Noah and The Daily Show correspondents tackle the biggest stories in news, politics and pop culture.

Helen Hunt appears Black Pumas perform.

Conan June 21, 2021: Bill Hader New

A stand-up comic and his friends deal with the insignificant, yet hilarious, aspects of everyday life.

Detectives John Cardinal and Lise Delorme close in on a secret from the past as they close in on the killer’s motives and his identity.

We mark Indigenous Peoples Day with our new interview with Buffy Sainte-Marie. Plus, a discussion on how to be an ally with Shayla Stonechild.

Lisa LaFlamme anchors Canada’s most-watched weekday newscast.

Your Morning is more than just the news and weather cooking, lifestyle, entertainment and live musical performances are also brought to you live from Toronto.

Your Morning is more than just the news and weather cooking, lifestyle, entertainment and live musical performances are also brought to you live from Toronto.

Your Morning is more than just the news and weather cooking, lifestyle, entertainment and live musical performances are also brought to you live from Toronto.

Your Morning is more than just the news and weather cooking, lifestyle, entertainment and live musical performances are also brought to you live from Toronto.

Your Morning is more than just the news and weather cooking, lifestyle, entertainment and live musical performances are also brought to you live from Toronto.

The hosts speak with superstar Eddie Murphy about the film 'Coming 2 America.'

Andrew Pike makes Pride party snacks and drinks catching up with Gigi Gorgeous Peter Papapetrou shows how to style men’s Bermuda shorts T. Thomason performs.

Florida Senate candidate Rep. Val Demings visits.

Our hosts reveal their latest Social Chapter pick.

Dr. Phil The Mystery of Melissa: Why Did She Vanish?

In May 2020, 26-year-old Melissa left home without warning and flew 2,000 miles across the country, leaving only a note that said, 'One day, Dr. Phil will be able to help me.' She's written 393 emails to Dr. Phil, and says she’s finally ready to talk.

Ellen welcomes Chris 'Ludacris' Bridges. Also, a performance by James TW.

The Dr. Oz Show True Crime: Tiger King Update: New Details in the Disappearance of Carole Baskin's Former Husband

Explosive new allegations that an ex-employee of Carole Baskin was involved with the disappearance of the missing millionaire. And, the man who filmed Joe Exotic at his zoo, shares his own theory of what happened to him.

Unknown Charges

There are several reasons why you might not recognize a charge.

If you want to review your complete order history, go to

The following are common scenarios for unknown charges:

  • An Amazon Prime yearly subscription was renewed. For more information, go to Manage Your Prime Membership.
  • A bank has placed an authorization hold for recently canceled or changed orders. When you place an order, Amazon contacts the issuing bank to confirm the validity of the payment method. Your bank reserves the funds until the transaction processes or the authorization expires, but this isn't an actual charge. If you cancelled your order, the authorization will be removed from your account according to the policies of your bank. To remove an authorization, contact your bank to clarify how long they hold authorizations for online orders.
  • An order was placed by a family member, friend, or co-worker with access to your card number.
  • Additional cards are associated with the credit or debit account.
  • A back-ordered or pre-ordered item shipped.
  • A gift order shipped.
  • An order placed outside using Amazon Pay. Amazon Pay orders begin with &lsquoP01&rsquo and are followed by 14 digits. Check your Amazon Pay Account for your order history. For further assistance with any Amazon Pay transactions, see the Amazon Pay Help pages.
  • An order was split into multiple shipments or sent to multiple shipping addresses.

Note: This appears on your statement as separate charges.

If the charge isn't explained by any of these situations, contact us by phone and have the following information available:

  • Date of the charge
  • Amount of the charge
  • Your name, email address, and phone number
  • Charge ID, a unique 9-digit alphanumeric code that Customer Service can use to locate your charge, e.g.,*A123B4CD5, Prime Now*B123B4CD5, AMZN Mktp US*C123B4CD5

Note: This ID only appears when the card is charged. It is not present on Pending charges (Authorizations). Use your order history to review your orders and shipments to compare the charges with the charges on your bank statement.

Television sets

In television's electromechanical era, commercially made television sets were sold from 1928 to 1934 in the United Kingdom, United States, and Russia. The earliest commercially made sets sold by Baird in the U.K. and the U.S. in 1928 were radios with the addition of a television device consisting of a neon tube behind a mechanically spinning disk (the Nipkow disk) with a spiral of apertures that produced an orange postage-stamp size image, enlarged to twice that size by a magnifying glass. The Baird "Televisor" was also available without the radio. The Televisor sold in 1930-1933 is considered the first mass-produced set, selling about a thousand units. The Jenkins Radiovisor Model 202 of 1929 was hand-built, and contained a motor-driver mirror drum employing quartz rods.

The first commercially made electronic television sets with cathode ray tubes were manufactured by Telefunken in Germany in 1934, followed by other makers in Britain (1936) and America (1938). The cheapest of the pre-War World II factory-made American sets, a 1938 image-only model with a 3-inch (8 cm) screen, cost US$125, the equivalent of US$1,732 in 2005. The cheapest model with a 12-inch (30 cm) screen was $445 ($6,256). Even these expensive sets usually had quite a small screen by modern standards their picture tubes were often mounted vertically, with a cabinet-top mirror designed to reflect the image to the viewer. The sets had to have multiple electronic components, as they had to be able to receive images on several different bandwidths and with different standards for scanning lines, refresh rates, and aspect ratios.

An estimated 19,000 electronic television sets were manufactured in Britain, and about 1,600 in Germany prior to 1940. About 7,000-8,000 electronic sets were made in the U.S. before the War Production Board halted manufacture in April 1942, which resumed in October 1945.

After World War II, with national broadcast standards in place such as NTSC and PAL, the sets' electronic components could also be standardized, though quality varied widely. Their picture tubes, initially as small as pre-war sets, soon grew to enormous size, with companies vying with one another for the largest sets. Consumer interest was spurred by a rapid growth in television stations and the length and variety of programming offered. Television usage in the United States skyrocketed after World War II with the lifting of the manufacturing freeze, war-related technological advances, the gradual expansion of the television networks westward, the drop in set prices caused by mass production, increased leisure time, and additional disposable income. While only 0.5% of U.S. households had a television set in 1946, 55.7% had one in 1954, and 90% by 1962. In Britain, there were 15,000 television households in 1947, 1.4 million in 1952, and 15.1 million by 1968.

For many years different countries used different technical standards. France initially adopted the German 441-line standard but later upgraded to 819 lines, which gave the highest picture definition of any analogue TV system, approximately four times the resolution of the British 405-line system. Eventually the whole of Europe switched to the 625-line PAL standard, once more following Germany's example. Meanwhile in North America the original NTSC 525-line standard from 1941 was retained.

Watch the video: The Kapil Sharma Show New Season - द कपल शरम श नई सजन - EP 188 - 18th Sep 2021 - Full Episode